Stem cells are the most important and fundamental part of the human body. They are able to distinguish and develop into other cell types which have specific functions. Have a look at stem cell therapy in greenville sc for more info on this. A distinguishing characteristic is the fact that they are self-generating, meaning they divide in order to produce additional stem cells. They can develop to shape a different variety of cells while they were in their infancy. These can replenish other cells, and thus function as an automated repair mechanism for the human body. Such versatility makes them well suited to treat many diseases, and cell therapy is regarded as such a treatment.
Adult stem cell transplantation is one of the most common forms of stem cell therapy used to treat different types of blood disease and cancers, including lymphoma, leukemia and multiple myeloma.
You need to be extracting it from the same donor bones when you choose to use bone marrow. The beneficiary’s bone marrow is removed only or in combination with radiation, by administering chemotherapy. Subsequently, the donor’s bone marrow is transferred to the recipient network along with the healthy cells. The relocated cells begin the self-generation process to build healthy cells that go to replace unusual cells. A similar procedure is followed for bringing a peripheral blood stem cell transplant, except that in this case the donor cells are not removed from the bones, but collected from the bloodstream stem cells.
Umbilical cord blood stem cell transplantation is also a type of treatment. The working of this type of transplant is somewhat similar to the first two forms of transplants described above but there is a difference in the fact that the donor cells are extracted from the otherwise useless blood of a newborn baby’s umbilical cord. Compared with the cells harvested through other methods, as described above, the chances of a patient’s body rejecting these cells are very small. The most possible reason for this is the fact that the cells thus extracted are very young and not mature enough to have features that the body of the recipient might perceive as being entirely alien.
The cells available in umbilical cord blood have opened up numerous opportunities for further research on the subject. Researchers are also investigating how these cells can be used to treat different illnesses, such as cardiac and neurological disorders. For this cause, many parents start preserving the blood from their newborn baby’s umbilical cord. With that idea, there are special blood banks open.