A homeowner can dry-lay pavers, brick, and stone over a bed of sand without any difficulty. The process of installation is fairly simple, and is forgiving. If need be, you can lay large stones directly over compact soil in areas where no frost heave occurs. Then brush sand in between the stone to help prevent them from moving.
Here we offer a basic step-by – step way to make a walkway, patio, or garden path to install stones, pavers, and bricks. To save space, I’m going to refer to all concrete pavers, bricks or stones as simple stones.You may find more details about this at Jacksonville Paver Installation.
The simplest form of stone paving is the direct laying on the ground of flat stones. Loosen the dirt, so that each stone sits firmly and is evenly supported below. Grows grass or ground cover between the stones and you mow right above them. That method is suitable for natural, rustic settings. Before laying the stone, spread a half inch layer of sand over the compacted dirt to help drain.
Lay stone over crushed stone in compacted sand for a formal look or design and to get better drainage. That needs more effort, but instead of grass, you’ll get a flatter, more straight paving with sand joints between the stones. The sand offsets earth irregularities. Laying the stones after the bed is in place is a lot like playing a puzzle. Try different combinations of stones until you gain the smallest gap between joints. The design would have been pre-determined whether the pavers or bricks were used.
TOOLS AND MATERIALS YOU MAY REQUIRE-Stones, pavers, or bricks, tamper, gloves, landscape fabric, safety goggles, tape measure, rubber mallet, string, plywood, wood stakes, 48 “level, small sledgehammer, pencil, framing square, brick hammer, garden hose, pitching chisel, spade, broom, sand , gravel, and kneepads.
Specific INSTRUCTIONS: Making a bed is the toughest step in laying soil. Usually a two inch sand bed is sufficient if your stones are the same thickness. If the thickness differs, a deeper bed of sand can be required. Make use of garden cloth to hold weeds down. Consider a four-inch bed of gravel under the sand if your soil is not draining well. When using this method use the landscape fabric between gravel and sand. If your soil drains poorly, and you’re in a cold climate, consider a gravel base even thicker.
Have your measurements with you when ordering materials, so that the dealer can help figure out your needs. If you are NOT producing your own block, brick or pavers with concrete molds, purchase 5-10 percent above what you need to enable breakage, cutting mistakes, and fixes in the future.
LAYING STONE IN THROUGHT SAND:
- Lay Your Area-Set stakes to mark the proposed patio or walk edge. Label outer corners a little farther than the proposed bottom. Use a framing square to confirm right angles are formed in the corners. Spread out the curves utilizing garden hose for free-form forms. Now go around the outline, sinking a spade into the perimeter to score. Once the ground has been scored remove the stakes, string, or hose.
- Set your stones about 1 inch above the ground. For this purpose, excavate to a depth equal to: your stone thickness minus 1 inch. Then figure 2 inches for the sand bed, plus 4 inches for a base of gravel if you need one. Remove all grass, roots and large rocks from the finishing area. Now, if you use any, place the gravel. Tamp it with a hand or with a mechanical tamper.
- Install a Weed Barrier- If used, install a layer of landscape fabric on the excavation or above the gravel. 4 to 6-inch overlap. The fabric of Landscape is designed to prevent weeds while allowing water to drain through.
- Spread and screed the Sand- Top the fabric of the landscape with about 2 inches of regular sand construction. Tamp it back, then use a 2×4 straight length to film the air.
- Install the Stones- Starting at one corner, place the stones on the sand and use a rubber mallet to tamp them in. Make sure they ‘re firmly bedded, level and don’t wobble. To make the bedding more comfortable, dig out sand if needed. Arrange the straight edges towards the outside perimeter, and fit together any irregular edges. Leave a space of half an inch between the stones. When using pavers or bricks, butt them against each other, with between them a quarter to a half inch space. If you’ve made your own pavers or bricks with concrete molds to save money, the angle of the sides needed to allow demolding will automatically provide you with the spacing when tightly butted against each other.